National Digestive Diseases
Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC)

A service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health (NIH)

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The Digestive Diseases Dictionary

Some terms listed have many meanings; only those meanings that relate to digestion or digestive diseases are included. Words that appear in bold italic are listed elsewhere in the dictionary. Information in this dictionary is not a substitute for a visit to your doctor. Talk with a health professional if you have a digestive problem.

The U.S. Government does not endorse or favor any specific commercial product or company. Trade, proprietary, or company names appearing in this document are used only because they are considered necessary in the context of the information provided. If a product is not mentioned, the omission does not mean or imply that the product is unsatisfactory.


Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L
M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Pronunciation Guide

This pronunciation guide uses letters and letter combinations, rather than phonetic symbols, to stand for the various sounds in the English language.

Vowels

a   cat, bat
ah   father
air   pear, hair
ar   park
ay   say, came, weigh
aw   saw, bought
e   bet, set
  eh (used at the end of a syllable or when standing alone)
examples:
meadow (MEH-doh)
enemy (EH-nuh-mee)
but
diet (DY-et)
ee   feet, neat
i   sit, igloo
  ih (used at the end of a syllable or when standing alone)
examples:
chicken (CHIH-ken)
miracle (MIHR-ih-kuhl)
but
picnic (PIK-nik)
ihr   near, here
y   fire, idol
  eye (used at the beginning of a syllable or when standing alone)
examples: iron (EYE-urn)
chloride (KLOR-eyed)
but
silent (SY-luhnt)
o   hot, cot
oh   coat, home
oo   food, rude
or   tore, soar, for
oy   soil, boy
ou   now, couch
u   put, foot
uh   about, sum, china
ur   hurt, alert
yoo   use
yoor   cure
 

Consonants

b   bat, job
ch   chop, itch
d   dig, bed
f   fur, tough, calf
g   grape, big
h   happy
j   joke, nudge
k   kite, car, tack
l   lip, sell
m   move, jam
n   not, knee
ng   ring
p   play, hop
r   rain, fur
s   set, tips
ss   bus, guess, fence
sh   shy, ambition
t   toy, boat
th   breath
v   vine, have
w   walk, where
y   yes
z   zip, jazz, has
zh   measure, vision

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National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3570
Phone: 1–800–891–5389
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: nddic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.digestive.niddk.nih.gov

The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC) is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The NIDDK is part of the National Institutes of Health of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Established in 1980, the Clearinghouse provides information about digestive diseases to people with digestive disorders and to their families, health care professionals, and the public. The NDDIC answers inquiries, develops and distributes publications, and works closely with professional and patient organizations and Government agencies to coordinate resources about digestive diseases.

Publications produced by the Clearinghouse are carefully reviewed by both NIDDK scientists and outside experts.

This publication is not copyrighted. The Clearinghouse encourages users of this publication to duplicate and distribute as many copies as desired.

This publication may contain information about medications and, when taken as prescribed, the conditions they treat. When prepared, this publication included the most current information available. For updates or for questions about any medications, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration toll-free at 1–888–INFO–FDA (1–888–463–6332) or visit www.fda.gov. Consult your health care provider for more information.


NIH Publication No. 14–2750
April 2014

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Page last updated May 14, 2014


The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3570
Phone: 1–800–891–5389
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: nddic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.digestive.niddk.nih.gov

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