National Digestive Diseases
Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC)

A service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health (NIH)

pills gardening gloves doctor drawing blood

Eating and Digestive Diseases

The Abdominal Adhesions publication thumbnail image

Abdominal Adhesions
Describes how abdominal adhesions form. Explains their causes and how they can lead to intestinal obstruction.
PDF Version (447 KB) *

The Alagille Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Alagille Syndrome
Describes Alagille syndrome, a rare, inherited disorder that affects the liver. Covers the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and long-term outlook.
PDF Version (213 KB) *

The Celiac Disease publication thumbnail image

Celiac Disease
Contains general information about celiac disease and explains how it can disrupt the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Provides information about symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (162 KB) *

The Cirrhosis publication thumbnail image

Cirrhosis
Provides information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment of cirrhosis. Includes a list of additional resources.
PDF Version (149 KB) *

The Cirrosis publication thumbnail image

En Español
Cirrosis
Ofrece información sobre las causas, los síntomas, las complicaciones, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la cirrosis. Incluye una lista de recursos adicionales.
PDF Version (155 KB) *

The Colonoscopy publication thumbnail image

Colonoscopy
Provides general information about colonoscopy. Describes the purpose of the test, how patients can prepare for it, and what patients can expect during and after the procedure.
PDF Version (141 KB) *

The Colonoscopia publication thumbnail image

En Español
Colonoscopia
Proporciona información general sobre la colonoscopia. Describe el propósito de la prueba, como los pacientes se pueden preparar para ella y que pueden esperar los pacientes durante y después del procedimiento.
PDF Version (331 KB) *

Constipation publication thumbnail image

Constipation
Defines constipation and describes its development, diagnosis, and treatment. Also highlights some misconceptions about constipation.
PDF Version (464 KB) *

The Constipation in Children publication thumbnail image

Constipation in Children
Explains the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and management of constipation in children.
PDF Version (532 KB) *

The Crohn’s Disease publication thumbnail image

Crohn’s Disease
Provides general information about what Crohn’s disease is and how it develops. Includes information about symptoms, diagnosis, potential complications, and treatment.
PDF Version (204 KB) *

The Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) publication thumbnail image

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Describes the four phases of cyclic vomiting syndrome. Also includes a review of causes, treatments, and tips to prevent cyclic vomiting syndrome.
PDF Version (595 KB) *

The Diverticular Disease publication thumbnail image

Diverticular Disease
Defines diverticulosis and diverticulitis and provides information about symptoms, causes, complications, and treatment.
PDF Version (397 KB) *

The Fecal Incontinence publication thumbnail image

Fecal Incontinence
Explains the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and emotional considerations of fecal incontinence, commonly known as bowel control problems. This fact sheet includes information about eating, diet, and nutrition and reviews fecal incontinence in children.
PDF Version (578 KB) *

Incontinencia fecal publication thumbnail image

En Español
Incontinencia fecal
Explica causas, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la incontinencia fecal o problemas de control intestinal.
PDF Version (655 KB) *

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy publication thumbnail image

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy
Provides general information about flexible sigmoidoscopy. Describes the purpose of the test, how patients can prepare for it, and what patients can expect during and after the procedure.
PDF Version (347 KB) *

The Sigmoidoscopia flexible publication thumbnail image

En Español
Sigmoidoscopia flexible
Proporciona información general sobre la sigmoidoscopia flexible. Describe el propósito de la prueba, como los pacientes se pueden preparar para ella y que pueden esperar los pacientes durante y después del procedimiento.
PDF Version (186 KB) *

The Gallstones publication thumbnail image

Gallstones
Provides general information about gallstones, including causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (420 KB) *

The Gas in the Digestive Tract publication thumbnail image

Gas in the Digestive Tract
Describes what causes gas and discusses symptoms, complications, and treatment.
PDF Version (169 KB) *

Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults publication thumbnail image.

Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Adults
Defines gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Describes the causes, symptoms, and treatment—including surgery—for GERD.
PDF Version (509 KB) *

Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Children and Adolescents publication thumbnail image

Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Children and Adolescents
Describes gastroesophageal reflux in children and adolescents, including the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (675 KB) *

Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Infants publication thumbnail image

Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Infants
Describes gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants, including the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (475 KB) *

The Gastroparesis  publication thumbnail image

Gastroparesis
Defines gastroparesis and describes the symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment.
PDF Version (168 KB) *

The Hemorrhoids  publication thumbnail image

Hemorrhoids
Describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatments for hemorrhoids.
PDF Version (317 KB) *

The Indigestion  publication thumbnail image

Indigestion
Describes indigestion, also called functional dyspepsia. Provides information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (149 KB) *

The Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)  publication thumbnail image

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Describes causes, symptoms, testing to rule out more serious intestinal problems, and lifestyle and medical symptom management of irritable bowel syndrome.
PDF Version (409 KB) *

The Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children  publication thumbnail image

Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children
Defines irritable bowel syndrome. Describes diagnostic criteria and treatment and offers guidelines for parents.
PDF Version (202 KB) *

The Lactose Intolerance publication thumbnail image

Lactose Intolerance
Explains the cause, risk factors, diagnostic tests, and management of lactose intolerance. Lists calcium-rich foods and foods that contain hidden lactose.
PDF Version (144 KB) *

The Liver Transplantation publication thumbnail image

Liver Transplantation
Describes what liver transplantation is and why it might be needed. Explains the national transplant waiting list, the scoring systems used to rank transplant candidates by urgency of need, and the procedure for matching candidates with donor livers. Discusses liver transplant surgery, possible complications of the surgery, and rejection and its treatment.
PDF Version (320 KB) *

The Lower GI Series publication thumbnail image

Lower GI Series
Provides general information about the lower gastrointestinal (GI) x-ray series. Describes the purpose of the test, how patients can prepare for it, and what patients can expect during and after the procedure.
PDF Version (152 KB) *

The Tránsito gastrointestinal inferior publication thumbnail image

En Español
Tránsito gastrointestinal inferior
Proporciona información general sobre las radiografías del tránsito gastrointestinal inferior. Describe el propósito de la prueba, como los pacientes se pueden preparar para ella y que pueden esperar los pacientes durante y después del procedimiento.
PDF Version (113 KB) *

The Microscopic Colitis:  Collagenous Colitis and Lymphocytic Colitis publication thumbnail image

Microscopic Colitis: Collagenous Colitis and Lymphocytic Colitis
Describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis.
PDF Version (244 KB) *

The Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) publication thumbnail image

Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
Provides information about nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, including risk factors, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing research.
PDF Version (210 KB) *

The Esteatohepatitis no alcohólica publication thumbnail image

En Español
Esteatohepatitis no alcohólica
Ofrece información sobre la esteatohepatitis no alcohólica, una enfermedad del hígado que ocurre cuando depósitos de grasa en el hígado causan inflamación. Describe las afecciones subyacentes o los factores de riesgo, así como los síntomas, las causas, el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y las investigaciones en curso.
PDF Version (182 KB) *

The Pancreatitis publication thumbnail image

Pancreatitis
Provides information about both acute and chronic forms of this condition, including symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment.
PDF Version (148 KB) *

The Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) publication thumbnail image

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC)
Explains the possible causes of primary biliary cirrhosis. Describes the symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (566 KB) *

The Short Bowel Syndrome publication thumbnail image

Short Bowel Syndrome
Reviews short bowel syndrome, a disorder that typically occurs in people who have had half or more of their small intestine removed. Discusses the causes, signs and symptoms, and treatment options.
PDF Version (130 KB) *

The Viral Gastroenteritis publication thumbnail image

Viral Gastroenteritis
Describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of viral gastroenteritis.
PDF Version (235 KB) *

The Virtual Colonoscopy publication thumbnail image

Virtual Colonoscopy
Provides general information about virtual colonoscopy. Describes the purpose of the test, how patients can prepare for it, and what patients can expect during and after the procedure.
PDF Version (123 KB) *

The Colonoscopia virtual publication thumbnail image

En Español
Colonoscopia virtual
Proporciona información general sobre las radiografías del colonoscopia virtual. Describe el propósito de la prueba, como los pacientes se pueden preparar para ella y que pueden esperar los pacientes durante y después del procedimiento.
PDF Version (222 KB) *

The What I need to know about Bowel Control publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Bowel Control
Defines bowel control problems, also called fecal incontinence, and describes how normal bowel control works. Discusses the causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment. Provides tips for talking with the doctor and ways to cope with bowel control problems.
PDF Version (968 KB) *

Lo que usted debe saber sobre el control intestinal publicación imagen

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre el control intestinal
Describe problemas de control intestinal, o incontinencia fecal, y sus causas, factores de riesgo, diagnóstico y tratamiento.
PDF Version (1,712 KB) *

The What I need to know about Celiac Disease publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Celiac Disease
Defines celiac disease and explains the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Includes examples of gluten-free diet options.
PDF Version (653 KB) *

The Lo que usted debe saber sobre la enfermedad celíaca (Lectura fácil) publication thumbnail image

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la enfermedad celíaca
Define la enfermedad celíaca y explica sus síntomas, diagnóstico y tratamiento. Presenta algunos ejemplos de la dieta sin gluten.
PDF Version (1,102 KB) *

The What I need to know about Colon Polyps publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Colon Polyps
Defines colon polyps and reviews the tests used to detect them. Provides information about treatment and prevention and includes a pronunciation guide.
PDF Version (471 KB) *

The Lo que usted debe saber sobre los pólipos en el colon (Lectura fácil) publication thumbnail image

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre los pólipos en el colon
Define los pólipos en el colon y repasa las pruebas usadas para detectarlos. Provee información sobre el tratamiento y la prevención.
PDF Version (569 KB) *

What I need to know about Constipation publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Constipation
Defines constipation and includes steps for prevention, as well as a list of additional resources.
PDF Version (2,240 KB) *

Lo que usted debe saber sobre el estreñimiento publicación imagen

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre el estreñimiento
Define el estreñimiento e incluye una lista de medidas para su prevención, así como un listado de recursos adicionales.
Versión PDF (595 KB) *

What I need to know about Crohn’s Disease publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Crohn’s Disease
Defines Crohn’s disease and describes common symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, complications, and treatment.
PDF Version (412 KB) *

The o que usted debe saber sobre la enfermedad de Crohn (Lectura fácil) publication thumbnail image

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la enfermedad de Crohn
Describe la enfermedad de Crohn, los síntomas y complicaciones comunes de esta enfermedad, y las personas con más alto riesgo a desarollarla. Explica como diagnosticar la enfermedad de Crohn y los diferentes tipos de tratamiento disponibles.
PDF Version (611 KB) *

The What I need to know about Diarrhea publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Diarrhea
Discusses the causes of diarrhea and the dangers of dehydration. Provides suggestions for easing the symptoms of diarrhea in adults and children. Offers strategies for avoiding traveler’s diarrhea.
PDF Version (906 KB) *

The Lo que usted debe saber sobre la diarrea (Lectura fácil) publication thumbnail image

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la diarrea
Ofrece información sobre las causas de la diarrea y los riesgos de la deshidratación. Ofrece sugerencias para aliviar los síntomas de la diarrea en adultos y en niños. Presenta sugerencias para evitar la diajera del viajero.
PDF Version (1,356 KB) *

The What I need to know about Diverticular Disease  publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Diverticular Disease
Offers an overview of diverticular disease and explains the symptoms, causes, and treatment. Offers tips about how to reduce symptoms and complications through diet.
PDF Version (386 KB) *

The Lo que usted debe saber sobre la enfermedad diverticular (Lectura fácil) publication thumbnail image

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la enfermedad diverticular
Presenta información general acerca de la enfermedad diverticular y explica los síntomas, causas y tratamiento. Ofrece sugerencias en como disminuir los síntomas y las complicaciones mediante la dieta.
PDF Version (718 KB) *

The What I need to know about Gas publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Gas
Provides information on preventing and treating gas in the digestive tract.
PDF Version (1,290 KB) *

The Lo que usted debe saber sobre los gases (Lectura fácil) publication thumbnail image

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre los gases
Ofrece información sobre cómo prevenir y tratar los gases del sistema digestivo.
PDF Version (593 KB) *

What I need to know about Hepatitis A publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Hepatitis A
Explains the risk factors, modes of transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Hepatitis A.
PDF Version (556 KB) *

Lo que usted debe saber sobre la Hepatitis A publicación imagen

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la hepatitis A
Explica los factores de riesgo, modos de transmisión, síntomas, diagnósticos, tratamientos y la prevención de la hepatitis A.
Versión PDF (1,486 KB) *

What I need to know about Hepatitis B publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Hepatitis B
Explains the risk factors, modes of transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Hepatitis B.
PDF Version (606 KB) *

Lo que usted debe saber sobre la Hepatitis B publicación imagen

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la hepatitis B
Explica los factores de riesgo, modos de transmisión, síntomas, diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de la hepatitis B.
Versión PDF (1,290 KB) *

What I need to know about Hepatitis C publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Hepatitis C
Explains the prevention, causes, symptoms, modes of transmission, and treatment of Hepatitis C.
PDF Version (836 KB) *

Lo que usted debe saber sobre la Hepatitis C publicación imagen

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la hepatitis C
Explica los factores de riesgo, modos de transmisión, síntomas, diagnósticos, tratamientos y la prevención de la hepatitis C.
Versión PDF (1,966 KB) *

The What I need to know about Hirschsprung Disease publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Hirschsprung Disease
Defines and explains the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Hirschsprung disease. Includes a pronunciation guide.
PDF Version (465 KB) *

The What I need to know about Irritable Bowel Syndrome publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Explains irritable bowel syndrome, the causes, the symptoms, and outlines available treatment options. 
PDF Version (2,144 KB) *

The What I need to know about Lactose Intolerance publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Lactose Intolerance
Defines lactose intolerance and provides information about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (310 KB) *

Lo que usted debe saber sobre la intolerancia a la lactosa publicación imagen

En Español
Lo que usted debe saber sobre la intolerancia a la lactosa
Define la intolerancia a la lactosa y proporciona información sobre sus síntomas, diagnóstico y tratamiento.
Versión PDF (484 KB) *

The What I need to know about Liver Transplantation publication thumbnail image

What I need to know about Liver Transplantation
Discusses the signs of liver problems, reasons for liver transplantation, the transplant waiting list and donor livers. Describes the surgery, recovery, and prevention of rejection and provides a list of sources for more information.
PDF Version (1,116 KB) *

The Whipple’s Disease publication thumbnail image

Whipple’s Disease
Describes the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Whipple’s disease, a rare bacterial infection primarily affecting the small intestine.
PDF Version (139 KB) *

[Top]

Page last updated March 12, 2014


The National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3570
Phone: 1–800–891–5389
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: nddic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.digestive.niddk.nih.gov

Department of Health and Human Services The National Institutes of Health The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases USA.gov is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state, and local government web resources and services. This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify.

NIH...Turning Discovery Into Health ®

Privacy Statement | Disclaimers | Accessibility | PDF versions require the free Acrobat Reader click to view disclaimer page software for viewing.